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Permissioned and Permissionless Blockchains

Permissioned blockchains prioritize control and privacy, making them suitable for enterprise applications, while permissionless blockchains emphasize decentralization and openness, catering to a broader range of use cases, including cryptocurrency and decentralized finance (DeFi). Explore their benefits in this articles

Rebecca lalav
Rebecca lalavFeb 20, 2024
Permissioned and Permissionless Blockchains

Blockchain technology offers two primary models for organizing and managing networks: permissioned and permissionless blockchains. These models differ in their approach to security, privacy, and decentralization, making them suitable for various use cases.

Permissioned Blockchains

Permissioned blockchains, also known as private blockchains, are closed networks operated by a single entity or a consortium of entities. Access to the blockchain is restricted to a specific group of participants, and the central authority verifies and validates all transactions. Permissioned blockchains are more suitable for applications that require privacy and security, such as supply chain provenance tracking, claims settlement, and identity verification

Permissionless Blockchains

Permissionless blockchains, also known as public blockchains, are open to anyone who wants to participate in the network. There is no central authority that controls access to the network, and users on the network are responsible for verifying and validating transactions. Permissionless blockchains are more suitable for applications that require transparency, such as digital asset trading, crowdfunding, and distributed file storage

Advantages of Permissioned Blockchains:

  • Privacy and Confidentiality: Permissioned blockchains offer greater control over data privacy and confidentiality, making them suitable for enterprise applications.
  • Scalability: With fewer participants and controlled access, permissioned blockchains can achieve higher transaction throughput and scalability.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Permissioned blockchains enable organizations to adhere to regulatory requirements by implementing access controls and identity verification measures.

Disadvantages of Permissioned Blockchains:

  • Centralization: Permissioned blockchains rely on centralized authorities for governance and decision-making, which may undermine the principles of decentralization.
  • Reduced Transparency: The closed nature of permissioned blockchains limits transparency and visibility for external stakeholders, potentially leading to trust issues.

Advantages of Permissionless Blockchains:

  • Decentralization: Permissionless blockchains are truly decentralized, with no single entity controlling the network or its governance.
  • Transparency: Transactions on permissionless blockchains are transparent and visible to all participants, fostering trust and accountability.
  • Open Access: Permissionless blockchains promote inclusivity and accessibility, allowing anyone to participate in the network without barriers.

Disadvantages of Permissionless Blockchains:

  • Scalability Challenges: Permissionless blockchains face scalability issues due to the resource-intensive consensus mechanisms employed, such as Proof of Work (PoW).
  • Security Concerns: The openness of permissionless blockchains can make them vulnerable to attacks and manipulation, particularly in networks with low levels of participation or concentration of mining power.

Real-World Applications

Permissionless Blockchains

  1. Cryptocurrencies: Permissionless blockchains are widely used for cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, enabling borderless and trustless transactions without the need for a trusted intermediary
  2. Decentralized Applications (dApps): Permissionless blockchains are the foundation for various decentralized applications, including finance, gaming, and decentralized finance (DeFi).
  3. Global Transactions: These blockchains facilitate seamless international transfer of money, allowing for global participation and inclusivity

Permissioned Blockchains

  1. Supply Chain Management: Permissioned blockchains are used for supply chain management, ensuring data privacy and restricted access to approved members.
  2. Government Applications: They are employed in government applications for identity management, tax monitoring, and other regulatory purposes, providing a controlled and secure platform for sensitive data.
  3. Business-to-Business (B2B) Interaction: Enterprises use permissioned blockchains for B2B interactions, where data privacy and controlled transparency are essential.


In summary, permissionless blockchains are well-suited for public, open-use instances, while permissioned blockchains are tailored for specific enterprise use cases that require data privacy, controlled access, and regulatory compliance. The choice between the two depends on the specific use case and the organization’s requirements.

Whether it’s enhancing privacy and scalability with permissioned blockchains or promoting decentralization and inclusivity with permissionless blockchains, the future of blockchain innovation holds immense promise for reshaping the global financial landscape.

At Bitpowr, we’ve created a modular and unified ecosystem of several blockchain protocols that businesses can instantly integrate with to launch and run their Exchanges, OTC desk services, Fintechs, payment gateways and other blockchain-enabled financial services. Reach out to us here



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